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Today’s Almanac—June 17, 2010


 

Security Guard Frank Wills being interviewed by the press about his discovery of a break in at the Watergate office building.

 

Here’s to a working stiff just doing his job.  This one made/changed history.  In the early morning of June 17, 1972 Frank Wills, a $2 an hour rent-a-cop security guard at the Washington D.C. Watergate office building noticed that something was amiss.  While making his rounds Wills notice duct tape on a door between a basement stairwell and the parking garage. He removed the tape and went on his way.  One of five men inside the accessing the building discovered that the tape, which was used to hold back the latch bolt so the door could be opened, was missing.  He replaced the tape. On his next round, around 1:55 AM, Wills saw that the tape had been replaced.  He immediately called D.C. Police who arrested five men in the offices of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) wearing surgical gloves and in possession of electronic monitoring equipment.  The five were James W. McCord, a former FBI and CIA agent and a security coordinator for the Republican National Committee (RNC) and the Committee for the Re-election of the President (CREEP); Bernard L. Barker a veteran of the CIA Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba and a Miami real estate broker; Frank A. Sturgis, a Miami associate of Barker with connections to the CIA and Cuban exile community; Eugenio R. Martinez, an employee of Baker’s real estate firm and an anti-Castro exile; and another Cuban, locksmith Virgilio R. Gonzales.  The men were charged with attempted burglary and attempted interception of telephone and other communications.  The incident merited a brief mention on network news programs that evening and short articles buried deep in the pages of most newspapers outside of Washington.  Despite the short notice of the press, the police investigation began unwinding a wider conspiracy pretty quickly. A search of the suspects’ rooms turned up thousands of dollars in cash.  A background check quickly tied McCord to Attorney General John Mitchell, chairman of President Richard Nixon’s re-election committee.  Mitchell denied involvement and McCord was fired from his RNC and CREEP positions.  On August 1 a $25,000 check made out to CREEP was found to have been deposited in one of the burglars’ personal account.  Shortly after that another $89,000 in individual donations were found to have been moved through an account of a company controlled by Barker.  CREEP Treasurer Hugh Sloan told authorities that he was directed by Committee Deputy Director Jeb Magruder and Finance Director Maurice Stans to turn the checks over to G. Gordon Liddy, a former FBI agent, prosecutor, and White House aid who had been selected by Mitchell to run the operational end of the Plumbers Unit—a secret White House operation to control leaks, conduct intelligence operations and surveillance of political enemies, an play “dirty tricks” on opponents.  Liddy was soon tied to H. Howard Hunt, the former author of pot-boilers and thrillers who was a high level undercover agent and “super spook” for the CIA before retiring.  Hunt had deep connections with the Cuban exile community and recruited the Cubans to Liddy’s operations.  The first “black bag job” of the Plumbers was the botched break-in of Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist.  On September 15th a Federal Grand Jury indicted Liddy, Hunt, and the five burglars. On December 8, 1972 Hunt’s wife Dorothy was among those killed in the crash of a United Air Lines jetliner near Chicago’s Midway Airport.  $10,000 in cash was found in her purse.   All were convicted on January 30, 1973 and sentenced to prison.  Meanwhile investigations by Congress and by the press slowly connected the event to a wider conspiracy that led, ultimately to Richard Nixon’s doorstep.   That Byzantine tale is to complex to summarize here, but you know how it ended—lots of suits in prison and a disgraced President waving farewell to power from the door of a helicopter. As for Wills, he had his 15 minutes of fame.  He soon resigned from the security company unhappy that his service was not rewarded with a raise or even vacation time.  Unable to find steady work, he returned to his home town in South Carolina to care for his ailing mother.  They lived in poverty.  In 1983 he was convicted of shoplifting a pair of sneakers and sentenced to a year in prison.  He died penniless of a brain tumor in 2000 at the age of 52.  Bob Woodward one of the investigative reporters who doggedly followed the story looked back at Wills and said. "He's the only one in Watergate who did his job perfectly."


Comments

( 2 comments — Leave a comment )
apostle_of_eris
Jun. 17th, 2010 04:02 pm (UTC)
. . . after which, Mr. Wills was unemployable for decades.

An important footnote is that Kennedy assassination scholar Mae Brussell saw the story of the break-in and said, "Hey, I know those names!" since she had indexed the entire 26-volume Warren report(!!). She told Paul Krassner, who asked her to write it up, and six weeks after the break-in, The Realist published the first article about the connections through the White House up to Nixon.
(Here are a couple of overlapping accounts of the publishing of that article.)
patrickmurfin
Jun. 18th, 2010 09:14 am (UTC)
I knew that Hunt and McCord in particular were tied to Oswald in Mexico and were reported to be in Dallas. I didn't remember that those connections were brought to life by The Realist. Thanks for the info!
( 2 comments — Leave a comment )

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